Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

illustration cover hands
Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

After finishing the illustrated book of the Declaration of Human Rights, I wondered if I could help to bring attention to a UN document which at the time was hardly known or talked about among Australians. The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples had been adopted by the UN General Assembly a year earlier, and Australia was one of only four member States worldwide to oppose it.
This Declaration describes human rights applied to the particular situation of indigenous populations around the world. Many indigenous people, including the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia, are struggling for land rights, the right to self-determination and the right to be treated as equal citizens.

illustration man crwoning himself
The right to self-determination
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The right to practise culture and customs
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Revitalising and transmitting oral traditions
illustration TV set
The right to establish indigenous media
illustration watering flower in pot
The right to improvement of social and economic conditions
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Addressing the special needs of the old, women and children
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The right to traditional and societal health care
illustration nature under glass dome
The right to protection of their environment
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Having a say in the development of traditional lands
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The right to determine one’s identity within society

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was proclaimed after over 20 years of negotiations between UN member states and indigenous peoples. It is seen as a landmark document recognising indigenous rights and freedoms, among them self-determination, ownership and use of lands and natural resources, as well as maintaining and developing indigenous political, religious, cultural and educational institutions. It also establishes the right to protection from genocide and to compensation for rights violations.

I am not of indigenous descent myself, and I tried to tread very carefully while dealing with this subject. I kept my approach international, alluding in my illustrations to indigenous traditions all over the world. At the same time, I did not directly reference any indigenous art, and checked about the book with the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Art department at the Art Gallery of NSW in Sydney before publication, who kindly made sure I did not unwittingly include illustrations that may be perceived as offensive. Ideally, an Indigenous artist should have illustrated this book, but I felt that I could make a difference and show solidarity by creating this book in the wake of my illustrated Declaration of Human Rights. And I have reason to believe that it indeed may have made a difference – it seems that my dealings with the office of the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs in preparation for this book prompted the Australian government to look into this document again, and it signed the Declaration not long afterwards.